Top 100 DevOps Interview Questions and Answers

Top 100 DevOps Interview Questions and Answers


21 min read

Table of contents

1. What is DevOps? ๐Ÿค”

Answer: DevOps is a set of practices that combines software development (Dev) and IT operations (Ops). It aims to shorten the development lifecycle and provide continuous delivery with high software quality. DevOps emphasizes collaboration, automation, integration, and continuous monitoring.

2. What are the key benefits of DevOps? ๐ŸŽฏ

Answer: Key benefits of DevOps include:

  • Faster delivery of features

  • More stable operating environments

  • Improved communication and collaboration

  • More time to innovate (rather than fixing/maintaining)

3. What are the core components of DevOps? ๐Ÿงฉ

Answer: Core components of DevOps are:

  • Continuous Integration (CI)

  • Continuous Delivery (CD)

  • Continuous Deployment

  • Continuous Monitoring

  • Version Control

  • Configuration Management

  • Collaboration and Communication

4. Explain Continuous Integration (CI). ๐Ÿ”„

Answer: Continuous Integration (CI) is a development practice where developers integrate code into a shared repository frequently, ideally several times a day. Each integration is verified by an automated build and automated tests to detect errors as quickly as possible.

5. What is Continuous Delivery (CD)? ๐Ÿš€

Answer: Continuous Delivery (CD) is a software development practice where code changes are automatically prepared for a release to production. It ensures that the software can be reliably released at any time, and that releasing new changes can be done with a single click.

6. What is Continuous Deployment? ๐Ÿšข

Answer: Continuous Deployment goes a step further than Continuous Delivery by automatically deploying every change that passes all stages of your production pipeline to customers without human intervention.

7. What is version control, and why is it important? ๐Ÿ—‚๏ธ

Answer: Version control is a system that records changes to a file or set of files over time so that you can recall specific versions later. It is important because it allows multiple people to work on a project simultaneously, keeps a history of changes, and helps to manage and resolve conflicts.

8. What is Git? ๐Ÿง‘โ€๐Ÿ’ป

Answer: Git is a distributed version control system that tracks changes in source code during software development. It is designed for coordinating work among programmers, but it can be used to track changes in any set of files. Its goals include speed, data integrity, and support for distributed, non-linear workflows.

9. Explain the term "Infrastructure as Code" (IaC). ๐Ÿ› ๏ธ

Answer: Infrastructure as Code (IaC) is the process of managing and provisioning computer data centers through machine-readable definition files, rather than physical hardware configuration or interactive configuration tools. This approach uses high-level descriptive coding languages to automate the provisioning of infrastructure.

10. What is Docker? ๐Ÿณ

Answer: Docker is an open platform for developing, shipping, and running applications. Docker enables you to separate your applications from your infrastructure so you can deliver software quickly. With Docker, you can manage your infrastructure in the same ways you manage your applications.

11. What is a Docker container? ๐Ÿ“ฆ

Answer: A Docker container is a lightweight, standalone, executable package of software that includes everything needed to run an application: code, runtime, system tools, system libraries, and settings.

12. What is Kubernetes? โ˜ธ๏ธ

Answer: Kubernetes is an open-source container orchestration platform that automates many of the manual processes involved in deploying, managing, and scaling containerized applications. It groups containers that make up an application into logical units for easy management and discovery.

13. What is a Pod in Kubernetes? ๐Ÿ™

Answer: A Pod is the smallest and simplest Kubernetes object. It represents a single instance of a running process in your cluster. Pods contain one or more containers, such as Docker containers. When a Pod runs multiple containers, the containers are managed as a single entity and share the Pod's resources.

14. What is Jenkins? ๐Ÿ—๏ธ

Answer: Jenkins is an open-source automation server written in Java. Jenkins helps to automate the non-human part of the software development process, with continuous integration and facilitating technical aspects of continuous delivery.

15. What is a Jenkins Pipeline? ๐Ÿ”ง

Answer: A Jenkins Pipeline is a suite of plugins which supports implementing and integrating continuous delivery pipelines into Jenkins. A pipeline defines the steps required to build, test, and deploy your application.

16. What is Ansible? ๐Ÿค–

Answer: Ansible is an open-source automation tool, or platform, used for IT tasks such as configuration management, application deployment, intraservice orchestration, and provisioning. It can help automate repetitive tasks, deploy applications, and manage infrastructure.

17. What is Terraform? ๐ŸŒ

Answer: Terraform is an open-source infrastructure as code software tool created by HashiCorp. Users define and provision data center infrastructure using a high-level configuration language known as HashiCorp Configuration Language (HCL), or optionally JSON.

18. What is Chef in DevOps? ๐Ÿด

Answer: Chef is a configuration management tool that provides a way to define infrastructure as code. It automates the deployment, configuration, and management of infrastructure across your network.

19. What is Puppet in DevOps? ๐Ÿฉ

Answer: Puppet is an open-source configuration management tool that helps automate the management and configuration of servers. Puppet uses a declarative language to describe the system configuration.

20. What is Nagios? ๐Ÿ‘€

Answer: Nagios is an open-source monitoring tool that monitors systems, networks, and infrastructure. Nagios offers monitoring and alerting services for servers, switches, applications, and services.

21. Explain the concept of "Immutable Infrastructure". ๐Ÿ”’

Answer: Immutable Infrastructure is a paradigm in which servers or systems are never modified after deployment. If something needs to be updated, fixed, or changed, new servers are built from a common image with the changes incorporated and then deployed. The old servers are then decommissioned.

22. What is a microservice architecture? ๐Ÿ›๏ธ

Answer: Microservice architecture is a design approach to build a single application as a suite of small services, each running its own process and communicating with lightweight mechanisms, typically an HTTP resource API. These services are built around business capabilities and independently deployable.

23. What is the purpose of a CI/CD pipeline? โ›“๏ธ

Answer: A CI/CD pipeline automates the steps in the software delivery process, from code commit to production deployment. The pipeline ensures that code changes are automatically tested, built, and deployed, allowing for faster and more reliable releases.

24. What are the different stages in a CI/CD pipeline? ๐Ÿญ

Answer: Common stages in a CI/CD pipeline include:

  • Source Code Management

  • Build

  • Test

  • Deploy

  • Release

25. What is Blue-Green Deployment? ๐ŸŒ

Answer: Blue-Green Deployment is a technique that reduces downtime and risk by running two identical production environments, only one of which (the Blue environment) serves live production traffic. The Green environment is an idle standby. When a new version of the application is deployed, it is done in the Green environment. After testing, the traffic is switched to Green.

26. What is Canary Deployment? ๐Ÿฆ

Answer: Canary Deployment is a deployment strategy where a new version of an application is slowly rolled out to a small subset of users before rolling it out to the entire infrastructure. This allows for monitoring and fixing issues on a smaller scale before a full deployment.

27. What is a rolling deployment? ๐Ÿ”„

Answer: A rolling deployment is a software release strategy that gradually replaces instances of the previous version of an application with the new version until all instances are updated. This method helps to minimize downtime and ensures a smooth transition.

28. What is the use of a Configuration Management tool in DevOps? ๐Ÿ› ๏ธ

Answer: Configuration Management tools in DevOps help automate the deployment, configuration, and management of software and infrastructure. These tools ensure consistency, improve efficiency, reduce errors, and manage complex environments by treating configuration as code.

29. Explain the concept of "Shift Left" in DevOps. ๐Ÿ”„

Answer: "Shift Left" in DevOps refers to the practice of performing testing and quality assurance earlier in the development process. This approach helps in identifying and resolving defects early, reducing the cost and effort required to fix issues later in the development cycle.

30. What is DevSecOps? ๐Ÿ›ก๏ธ

Answer: DevSecOps integrates security practices within the DevOps process. It emphasizes the need for everyone involved in the software delivery process to be responsible for security, enabling the development of secure software quickly.

31. What is a CI/CD tool? โš™๏ธ

Answer: A CI/CD tool automates the process of integrating and deploying code changes. These tools help manage the different stages of the software development lifecycle, from code integration, testing, and deployment to production.

Answer: Popular CI/CD tools include:

  • Jenkins

  • GitLab CI

  • CircleCI

  • Travis CI

  • Bamboo

  • TeamCity

33. What is Continuous Testing? ๐Ÿงช

Answer: Continuous Testing is the practice of executing automated tests as part of the software delivery pipeline to obtain immediate feedback on the business risks associated with a software release candidate.

34. What is Continuous Monitoring? ๐Ÿ–ฅ๏ธ

Answer: Continuous Monitoring involves the continuous and real-time tracking of the state of the system, application performance, and security to identify and address issues promptly, ensuring the smooth functioning of applications and infrastructure.

35. What is ELK Stack? ๐Ÿ“Š

Answer: The ELK Stack is a collection of three open-source products: Elasticsearch, Logstash, and Kibana. Elasticsearch is a search and analytics engine, Logstash is a server-side data processing pipeline, and Kibana is a visualization tool. Together, they help in logging, searching, analyzing, and visualizing log data.

36. What is Prometheus? ๐Ÿ“ˆ

Answer: Prometheus is an open-source monitoring and alerting toolkit designed for reliability and scalability. It collects metrics from configured targets at specified intervals, evaluates rule expressions, displays results, and triggers alerts if certain conditions are met.

37. What is Grafana? ๐Ÿ“Š

Answer: Grafana is an open-source platform for monitoring and observability. It provides a powerful and flexible dashboard for visualizing time series data and integrates with various data sources like Prometheus, Graphite, and Elasticsearch.

38. Explain the term "Artifact" in DevOps. ๐Ÿ“ฆ

Answer: An artifact in DevOps is a by-product produced during the software development process. It can include binaries, libraries, configuration files, and documentation that are required to build and deploy the application.

39. What is Nexus in DevOps? ๐Ÿข

Answer: Nexus is a repository manager that helps in storing, managing, and securing build artifacts and dependencies in a central location. It supports various formats such as Maven, npm, Docker, and more, facilitating easier artifact sharing and management.

40. What is the difference between Agile and DevOps? ๐Ÿคนโ€โ™‚๏ธ

Answer: Agile is a methodology focused on iterative development, where requirements and solutions evolve through collaboration. DevOps, on the other hand, is a set of practices aimed at unifying software development and operations to improve collaboration, speed, and reliability of software delivery.

41. What is the role of a DevOps Engineer? ๐Ÿ› ๏ธ

Answer: A DevOps Engineer works at the intersection of software development and operations. They are responsible for implementing and managing CI/CD pipelines, automating infrastructure, monitoring applications, ensuring security and compliance, and improving collaboration across teams.

42. What is a build tool in DevOps? ๐Ÿ”จ

Answer: A build tool automates the process of compiling source code into binary code, packaging it, and running tests. Examples of build tools include Maven, Gradle, and Ant.

43. What is a deployment tool in DevOps? ๐Ÿš€

Answer: A deployment tool automates the process of deploying applications to different environments such as development, testing, and production. Examples of deployment tools include Ansible, Chef, Puppet, and Kubernetes.

44. What is a rollback in deployment? ๐Ÿ”™

Answer: A rollback is the process of reverting to a previous stable version of the application in case the new deployment causes issues. It ensures that services continue to run smoothly with minimal disruption.

45. Explain the concept of "Infrastructure as Code" (IaC). ๐Ÿ“œ

Answer: Infrastructure as Code (IaC) is the practice of managing and provisioning computing infrastructure through machine-readable definition files, rather than through physical hardware configuration or interactive configuration tools. IaC enables automation, consistency, and version control of infrastructure.

46. What is the difference between Docker and a Virtual Machine (VM)? ๐Ÿณ๐Ÿ–ฅ๏ธ

Answer: Docker containers share the host OS kernel and isolate the application processes, making them lightweight and faster to start. Virtual Machines (VMs), on the other hand, include a full OS with virtualized hardware, which makes them more resource-intensive and slower to start compared to containers.

47. What is a service mesh? ๐Ÿ•ธ๏ธ

Answer: A service mesh is a dedicated infrastructure layer for handling service-to-service communication. It provides features such as load balancing, service discovery, retries, timeouts, and circuit breaking. Examples include Istio, Linkerd, and Consul.

48. What is Helm? ๐Ÿช›

Answer: Helm is a package manager for Kubernetes that allows you to define, install, and upgrade even the most complex Kubernetes applications. Helm uses "charts" to describe application dependencies and configurations, making it easier to manage applications in Kubernetes.

49. What is a Kubernetes Operator? ๐Ÿ‘ฉโ€โœˆ๏ธ

Answer: A Kubernetes Operator is a method of packaging, deploying, and managing a Kubernetes application. Operators extend Kubernetes capabilities by adding custom resources and controllers to manage the lifecycle of complex applications.

50. What is Istio? ๐ŸŒ

Answer: Istio is an open-source service mesh that provides a way to control how microservices share data with one another. It offers traffic management, observability, security, and policy enforcement for microservices.

51. What is a deployment strategy? ๐Ÿš€

Answer: A deployment strategy is a way to change or update an application in a production environment with minimal downtime and risk. Common strategies include Blue-Green Deployment, Canary Deployment, Rolling Deployment, and Recreate Deployment.

52. What is a VCS (Version Control System)? ๐Ÿ“š

Answer: A Version Control System (VCS) is a tool that helps manage changes to source code over time. It allows multiple developers to work on the same project simultaneously, tracks revisions, and helps in managing conflicts. Examples include Git, Subversion, and Mercurial.

53. What is GitFlow? ๐Ÿšฆ

Answer: GitFlow is a branching model for Git that defines a strict branching and release management workflow. It uses two main branches (master and develop) and several supporting branches (feature, release, hotfix) to manage the software development lifecycle.

54. What is a Pull Request (PR)? ๐Ÿ“จ

Answer: A Pull Request (PR) is a method of submitting contributions to a project. When a developer creates a PR, they are requesting that changes from their branch be merged into another branch, typically the main or master branch. PRs are reviewed and discussed before being merged.

55. What is Jenkinsfile? ๐Ÿ“œ

Answer: A Jenkinsfile is a text file that contains the definition of a Jenkins Pipeline. It is written in Groovy and allows you to define the steps to be executed during the pipeline, such as building, testing, and deploying your application.

56. What is a pipeline as code? ๐Ÿ› ๏ธ

Answer: Pipeline as Code is the practice of defining deployment pipelines through code. This approach treats pipeline configurations as version-controlled code, enabling automated, consistent, and repeatable pipeline setups. Jenkinsfiles in Jenkins are an example of Pipeline as Code.

57. What is a Webhook? ๐ŸŒ

Answer: A Webhook is a way for an application to provide real-time information to other applications. It delivers data to other applications as it happens, typically by making an HTTP request to a configured URL, allowing for automation and integration between systems.

58. What is the purpose of unit testing in DevOps? ๐Ÿงช

Answer: Unit testing involves testing individual components of the software to ensure they work as expected. In DevOps, unit tests are automated and run as part of the CI/CD pipeline to catch defects early, ensure code quality, and maintain stability throughout the development process.

59. What is a mock in testing? ๐ŸŽญ

Answer: A mock is a simulated object that mimics the behavior of real objects in controlled ways. Mocks are used in unit testing to isolate the functionality being tested by replacing dependencies with mock objects, ensuring tests are focused and reliable.

60. What is a smoke test? ๐Ÿšฌ

Answer: A smoke test is a preliminary test to check the basic functionality of an application. It is often a subset of tests run to ensure that the most crucial functions of an application work correctly before proceeding to more detailed testing.

61. What is a regression test? ๐Ÿ”„

Answer: A regression test is a type of software testing that ensures that recent code changes have not adversely affected existing features. It involves re-running previous test cases and comparing the results to detect any new bugs introduced by the changes.

62. What is a load test? ๐Ÿšง

Answer: A load test is a type of performance testing that simulates real-world usage of a software application to determine how it behaves under expected loads. It helps identify performance bottlenecks and ensures the application can handle high traffic and heavy usage.

63. What is the Twelve-Factor App methodology? ๐Ÿข

Answer: The Twelve-Factor App is a methodology for building software-as-a-service applications. It provides best practices for modern application development across twelve principles, including codebase, dependencies, configuration, backing services, build, release, run, processes, and more.

64. What is a dependency manager? ๐Ÿ“ฆ

Answer: A dependency manager is a tool that automates the process of handling software dependencies. It ensures that the correct versions of libraries and packages required by an application are installed and managed. Examples include Maven, Gradle, npm, and


65. What is artifact repository management? ๐Ÿ—‚๏ธ

Answer: Artifact repository management involves storing, managing, and retrieving artifacts (build outputs such as binaries and libraries) in a central repository. Tools like Nexus and Artifactory help manage artifacts, enabling version control, access control, and easier distribution of build artifacts.

66. What is SRE (Site Reliability Engineering)? ๐Ÿ›ก๏ธ

Answer: Site Reliability Engineering (SRE) is a discipline that applies software engineering principles to infrastructure and operations problems. SRE focuses on building reliable and scalable systems, automating operations, and improving system performance and reliability.

67. What is a Chaos Monkey? ๐Ÿ’

Answer: Chaos Monkey is a tool originally developed by Netflix to test the resilience of their IT infrastructure. It randomly terminates instances in production to ensure that the system can withstand failures and that services are resilient to unexpected disruptions.

68. What is A/B Testing? ๐Ÿ”„

Answer: A/B Testing is a method of comparing two versions of a webpage or application against each other to determine which one performs better. It involves showing different versions to different users and analyzing the results to make data-driven decisions.

69. What is a feature flag? ๐Ÿณ๏ธ

Answer: A feature flag is a technique used in software development to enable or disable features at runtime. It allows developers to test features in production, perform A/B testing, and roll out new features gradually without deploying new code.

70. What is serverless computing? โ˜๏ธ

Answer: Serverless computing is a cloud-computing execution model where the cloud provider dynamically manages the allocation of machine resources. Applications run in stateless compute containers that are event-triggered and fully managed by the cloud provider. Examples include AWS Lambda, Azure Functions, and Google Cloud Functions.

71. What is container orchestration? ๐Ÿš€

Answer: Container orchestration is the automated management of containerized applications across multiple clusters. It involves the deployment, scaling, and management of containers, ensuring that applications run smoothly and efficiently. Kubernetes is a popular container orchestration platform.

72. What is Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)? ๐Ÿข

Answer: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) is a cloud computing model that provides virtualized computing resources over the internet. IaaS offers fundamental infrastructure such as virtual machines, storage, and networks on a pay-as-you-go basis. Examples include AWS EC2, Google Compute Engine, and Azure Virtual Machines.

73. What is Platform as a Service (PaaS)? ๐Ÿ—๏ธ

Answer: Platform as a Service (PaaS) is a cloud computing model that provides a platform allowing customers to develop, run, and manage applications without dealing with the underlying infrastructure. PaaS includes infrastructure, operating systems, and development tools. Examples include AWS Elastic Beanstalk, Google App Engine, and Azure App Services.

74. What is Software as a Service (SaaS)? ๐Ÿ› ๏ธ

Answer: Software as a Service (SaaS) is a cloud computing model where software applications are delivered over the internet as a service. Users can access software via a web browser, without needing to install or maintain it. Examples include Google Workspace, Salesforce, and Microsoft Office 365.

75. What is a CDN (Content Delivery Network)? ๐ŸŒ

Answer: A Content Delivery Network (CDN) is a network of servers distributed geographically to deliver web content more efficiently. CDNs cache content close to users, reducing latency and improving load times for websites and applications.

76. What is a reverse proxy? ๐Ÿ”„

Answer: A reverse proxy is a server that sits in front of web servers and forwards client requests to those web servers. It provides benefits such as load balancing, increased security, and improved performance. Examples include Nginx and HAProxy.

77. What is API Gateway? ๐ŸŒ

Answer: An API Gateway is a server that acts as an API front-end, receiving API requests, enforcing throttling and security policies, passing requests to the backend service, and then passing the response back to the requester. Examples include AWS API Gateway and Kong.

78. What is Continuous Feedback? ๐Ÿ”„

Answer: Continuous Feedback is a DevOps practice that involves gathering feedback at every stage of the software delivery lifecycle. It helps in identifying issues early, improving code quality, and ensuring that the end product meets user requirements.

79. What is a failover in DevOps? ๐Ÿ”„

Answer: Failover is a backup operational mode in which the functions of a system are assumed by a secondary system when the primary system becomes unavailable. It ensures high availability and reliability by automatically switching to a standby system in case of failure.

80. What is a load balancer? โš–๏ธ

Answer: A load balancer is a device that distributes network or application traffic across multiple servers to ensure no single server becomes overwhelmed. It helps improve the responsiveness and availability of applications.

81. What is autoscaling? ๐Ÿ“ˆ

Answer: Autoscaling is the process of automatically adjusting the number of active servers based on the current load. It helps ensure that applications have the resources they need to perform efficiently while optimizing cost by scaling down during low demand.

82. What is a playbook in Ansible? ๐Ÿ“˜

Answer: A playbook in Ansible is a YAML file that contains a series of tasks to be executed on remote machines. Playbooks are used to define configurations, deployment steps, and orchestrate complex processes.

83. What is a role in Ansible? ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ’ป

Answer: A role in Ansible is a reusable, modular, and self-contained unit that includes tasks, variables, files, templates, and handlers. Roles help organize and share automation content, making it easier to manage complex configurations.

84. What is a secret in Kubernetes? ๐Ÿ”

Answer: A secret in Kubernetes is an object that contains sensitive information such as passwords, OAuth tokens, or SSH keys. Secrets are used to manage and store sensitive data securely, preventing it from being exposed in plaintext.

85. What is a ConfigMap in Kubernetes? ๐Ÿ—บ๏ธ

Answer: A ConfigMap in Kubernetes is an object that allows you to store configuration data as key-value pairs. ConfigMaps are used to decouple configuration artifacts from image content, making it easier to manage and update application configurations.

86. What is a service in Kubernetes? ๐Ÿš€

Answer: A service in Kubernetes is an abstraction that defines a logical set of pods and a policy for accessing them. Services enable communication between different components of an application and provide stable IP addresses and DNS names.

87. What is a Persistent Volume (PV) in Kubernetes? ๐Ÿ’พ

Answer: A Persistent Volume (PV) in Kubernetes is a piece of storage in the cluster that has been provisioned by an administrator or dynamically provisioned using storage classes. PVs provide persistent storage that can be used by pods.

88. What is a Persistent Volume Claim (PVC) in Kubernetes? ๐Ÿ“

Answer: A Persistent Volume Claim (PVC) is a request for storage by a user. PVCs consume Persistent Volumes (PVs) and can specify size and access modes. They provide a way for users to request and use persistent storage without knowing the underlying details.

89. What is Kubernetes Ingress? ๐Ÿ›ค๏ธ

Answer: Kubernetes Ingress is an API object that manages external access to services in a cluster, typically HTTP and HTTPS. Ingress provides load balancing, SSL termination, and name-based virtual hosting, making it easier to expose services to the internet.

90. What is Helm Chart? ๐Ÿ› ๏ธ

Answer: A Helm Chart is a collection of files that describe a related set of Kubernetes resources. Helm Charts define the structure, dependencies, and configuration of an application, allowing for easy packaging, sharing, and deployment of Kubernetes applications.

91. What is the difference between stateful and stateless applications? ๐Ÿ“ฆ

Answer: Stateful applications maintain state information between requests, meaning data persists across sessions. Stateless applications, on the other hand, do not retain state information and each request is treated independently. Stateless applications are typically easier to scale and manage.

92. What is a namespace in Kubernetes? ๐Ÿ—‚๏ธ

Answer: A namespace in Kubernetes is a way to divide cluster resources between multiple users or groups. Namespaces provide a mechanism for isolating resources and policies, allowing for better organization, resource allocation, and access control within a cluster.

93. What is a deployment in Kubernetes? ๐Ÿš€

Answer: A deployment in Kubernetes is a resource that provides declarative updates to applications. It defines the desired state for application deployment, manages rolling updates and rollbacks, and ensures the application runs reliably.

94. What is a ReplicaSet in Kubernetes? ๐Ÿ“ˆ

Answer: A ReplicaSet in Kubernetes ensures that a specified number of pod replicas are running at any given time. It monitors the state of pods and creates or deletes them to match the desired number of replicas, providing high availability and fault tolerance.

95. What is a StatefulSet in Kubernetes? ๐Ÿ—๏ธ

Answer: A StatefulSet in Kubernetes manages stateful applications by providing unique network identities and stable, persistent storage for each pod. It ensures the ordered deployment, scaling, and updates of pods, making it suitable for applications requiring stable identities and storage.

96. What is a DaemonSet in Kubernetes? ๐ŸŒ

Answer: A Da

emonSet in Kubernetes ensures that a copy of a pod runs on all or some nodes in the cluster. It is used for deploying system-level services such as log collection, monitoring, or networking across all nodes.

97. What is a CronJob in Kubernetes? โฐ

Answer: A CronJob in Kubernetes is a resource used for scheduling jobs to run at specific times or intervals. CronJobs are useful for tasks that need to be performed periodically, such as backups, reports, or batch processing.

98. What is a Job in Kubernetes? ๐Ÿ› ๏ธ

Answer: A Job in Kubernetes ensures that a specified number of pods run to completion successfully. Jobs are used for running one-off or batch tasks that need to be executed to completion, rather than continuously running services.

99. What is Kubelet? ๐Ÿ“ก

Answer: Kubelet is an agent that runs on each node in a Kubernetes cluster. It is responsible for ensuring that the containers described in the pod specifications are running and healthy. Kubelet communicates with the Kubernetes API server to manage the state of pods on the node.

100. What is Kube-Proxy? ๐Ÿ›ก๏ธ

Answer: Kube-Proxy is a network proxy that runs on each node in a Kubernetes cluster. It maintains network rules and manages communication between services and pods. Kube-Proxy ensures that traffic is correctly routed to and from containers, providing network connectivity for Kubernetes services.

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